Philip K. Dick was a science fiction writer whose main theme was the fluid boundary between illusion and reality, and sanity and insanity.
Sadly his insights were partly due to his own drug use and mental illness. This may have been the reason so many of his novels and stories lacked coherence.
It also may explain why movies based on Philip K. Dick novels and stories – The Adjustment Bureau, Blade Runner, Imposter, Minority Report, Paycheck, A Scanner Darkly and Total Recall – were all better than the originals. I say nothing about other Philip K. Dick movies because I haven’t seen them.
I recently saw the Amazon Prime series based on The Man in the High Castle, which was excellent, and I went back to the original out of curiosity. Unlike the others I mentioned, the novel is better than the TV series, both as a novel and as a science fiction novel.
Both the TV series and the novel depict a world of 1962 in which the Axis has won the Second World War. The Nazis occupy the United States east of the Rockies, and the Japanese occupy the U.S. Pacific Coast, with the Rockies a neutral buffer zone.
There are three plots in both. One is an attempt by hardscrabble Americans in San Francisco to make and sell fake art objects to sell to rich Japanese antique collectors. Another is an attempt to head off a conspiracy by a Nazi faction in Berlin to launch a nuclear first strike against Japan.
The third is a search for “the man in the high castle.” In the novel, he is the author of a underground novel set in a world in which the Allies won, which, however, is different from the real world (I almost wrote “our” world). In the Amazon Prime series, he has mysteriously obtained actual newsreels of the real world.
The novel is better because it is more realistic, and because the characters have more psychological depth. The Amazon Prime series has an anti-Nazi Resistance movement, which is not in the novel, and characters undecided about their true allegiance, which wouldn’t be tolerated either by real Nazis or real anti-Nazi fighters.
The excellence of the novel and the TV series is in showing how living under Nazi and Japanese occupation could come to feel normal, and in developing realistic and memorable characters.
One is Mr. Tagomi, the humane Japanese bureaucrat whose life is guided by the I Ching. Another is Obergruppenfuhrer John Smith, who appears in the TV series but not the novel.
I look forward to Amazon Prime’s second season in the series, which will take the characters beyond the scope of Dick’s novel.