Posts Tagged ‘Iran Diplomacy’

Obama’s chance to earn his Nobel prize

September 25, 2013

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has offered President Obama a chance to end the 34-year U.S. cold war with Iran, turn the United States away from perpetual warfare and retroactively justify his Nobel Peace Prize.

obama-at-un-2013

President Barack Obama

He has an opportunity to do what President Richard Nixon did when he established diplomatic relations with Communist China, and what President Ronald Reagan did when he negotiated an end to the U.S.-Soviet cold war.   Even though the initiatives came from Zhou Enlai (Chou En-Lai) and Mikhail Gorbachev, there would be been no peacemaking but for Nixon and Reagan.

Barack Obama’s path to peace will be more difficult than either of theirs.  For one thing, he is a Democrat, and most Democratic leaders think they have to be belligerent to disprove Republican charges that they are weak.  For another, he has to overcome a military-industrial and foreign policy establishment that is committed to war, and lobbyists for Israel and Saudi Arabia, based respectively on their strong ethnic ties and strong financial ties to the United States.

The stumbling block is Iran’s nuclear enrichment program.  The Iranian government says it is using nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, including medical research, which it is legally entitled to do.  The Ayatollah Khamenei says that nuclear weapons are immoral and contrary to Islam; I don’t think a religious leader would say such a thing unless he meant it, because, unlike with politicians, people take the statements of clerics seriously, and he would be completely discredited if he was shown to be lying.

President Hassan Rouhani

President Hassan Rouhani

Some analysts think that Iranian leaders don’t want nuclear weapons, but they want the capability to develop nuclear weapons at some time in the future if the situation warrants.  This desire seems reasonable to me.  Iran is surrounded by countries with nuclear weapons – the United States, Russia, China, India, Pakistan and Israel.  Naturally an responsible Iranian leader would want some deterrent against attack.

I think adherence to the Non-Proliferation Treaty would provide a basis for peace.  This asks countries that do not possess nuclear weapons to refrain from acquiring them, and promises them in return that they will receive help in developing nuclear power for peaceful purposes and that the countries with nuclear weapons will take steps to get rid of them.

(more…)

President Obama’s ‘Nixon to China’ opportunity

September 19, 2013

Pepe Escobar reports that Hassan Rouhani, the new President of Iran, has the full approval of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamanei, who holds the real power, to negotiate with President Obama to end the 34-year-old cold war between the two nations.

Hassan Rouhani

Hassan Rouhani

Ayatollah Kamanei says that Iran never has had a nuclear weapons program, because nuclear weapons are immoral.  But President Rouhani is willing to negotiate concerning Iran’s nuclear development program anyway.

Obama and Rouhani have exchanged letters, and may meet when Rouhani visits the United Nations in New York next week.

It was the Iranians, together with the Russians, who leaned on President Assad of Syria to agree to international control of chemical weapons.  It remains to be seen, in my opinion, how meaningful that international control will turn out to be, but Assad’s announcement enabled the President Obama to back away from a war threat supported neither by the American people nor by world opinion.

This is a great opportunity for President Obama to leave a positive legacy equivalent to President Nixon going to China.  This doesn’t mean approval of Iran’s government, any more than it meant approval of China’s.   It only means that nothing is being accomplished by the economic and covert war that the United States is waging against Iran.

Peace with Iran would require Obama to break free of entanglement with Israel, Saudi Arabia and the war party in the United States on this issue.   I hope he will do so.

LINKS

Mr. Obama, tear down this wall by Pete Escobar for RT News.

Obama-Rouhani: lights, camera, action by Pepe Escobar for Asia Times

Iran frees political prisoners ahead of Hassan Rouhani’s UN visit by Saeed Kamail Dehghan for The Guardian.

US opposes Pakistan gas pipeline to Iran

August 7, 2013

Iran-Pakistan gas pipeline

The U.S. government has threatened sanctions against Pakistan if that nation completes a pipeline bringing natural gas from Iran.  The Iranian section has been completed, and the schedule calls for Pakistan’s section to be completed by the end of 2014.

Notice that Pakistan shares a border with China.  The pipeline could be extended to give China direct access to Iran’s natural gas.   China is already Iran’s largest oil and gas customer and an opponent of U.S.-led economic sanctions against Iran.

Iran’s newly-elected President Hassan Ruhani has offered to make peace with the United States.   The U.S. government has said this is contingent on Iran abandoning its nuclear research program, which are for the stated purpose of  deterring Iran from developing nuclear weapons.

I think the Obama administration should take Ruhani up on his offer, rather than doubling down on sanctions.  The only way the problem of nuclear weapons proliferation will ever be solved for good is a comprehensive nuclear disarmament program and strong international inspections system.  Any country whose government feels threatened by a nuclear power will want its own nuclear weapons as a deterrent.

(more…)

Pepe Escobar on Obama and Iran

April 18, 2012

Pepe Escobar, an enterprising and outspoken reporter for the Asia Times of Hong KongSingapore, thanks that President Obama’s demands on Iran are like President George W. Bush’s demands on Iraq—something meant to provide a justification for war.  Click on Surrender now or we’ll bomb you later for his analysis.  I added Escobar’s columns to my ResourcesLinks menu.  He presents facts and ideas which you won’t get from most U.S. newspapers.  He is especially good on power politics in Central Asia, which he calls Pipelineistan.